Dog CCL Injury Grading: Cruciate Tears “All or None, or Partial?”

Dog CCL Injury Grading: Cruciate Tears “All or None, or Partial?”

Cruciate ligament tears are a topic of prime concern with any canine species-at-risk. In some cases, despite efforts to prevent tears, they still occur. Injury mechanism Unlike in a human knee, in dogs, the cruciate ligament tends to tear gradually. As humans are bipedal, upright walkers, the knee’s anterior cruciate ligament is situated horizontally in relation to the ground. This…

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Euthyroid Sick Syndrome in Dogs: When Is Hypothyroidism not Hypothyroidism?

Euthyroid Sick Syndrome in Dogs: When Is Hypothyroidism not Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is one of the most common endocrine (hormonal) diseases I see in dogs. It occurs most frequently in middle-aged (4-10 years old) medium to large-breed dogs. Breeds that are commonly affected include Doberman Pinschers, Golden Retrievers, Irish Setters, Miniature Schnauzers, Dachshunds, Cocker Spaniels, and Airedale Terriers. Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland secretes less thyroid hormone than normal. It…

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