Symptoms

Melanocytoma in a Dog: Cookie’s Eyelid Bump that Was Not a Cyst

Melanocytoma in a Dog: Cookie’s Eyelid Bump that Was Not a Cyst

A melanocytoma is a benign tumor of cells that produce pigment—melanocytes. Only a histopathologist can determine the difference between a melanocytoma and a malignant melanoma. As a general rule, tumors of the pigment-producting cells are usually benign where the skin is covered by fur and malignant in bare-skin areas such as lips or nail beds. The one exception are eyelids…

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Pain and Neck Swelling in a Dog: Pippa Has Puppy Strangles

Pain and Neck Swelling in a Dog: Pippa Has Puppy Strangles

Sometimes, when you hear hooves, you need to think of zebras and not horses. Particularly if your dog has a constellation of severe symptoms that don’t fit a straightforward explanation. Puppy strangles is a rare but potentially life-threatening autoimmune disease that affects young dogs. There seems to be a genetic component but the condition is considered idiopathic with no known…

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The Function of Cortisol: What Happens In A Dog’s Body When It Goes Awry?

The Function of Cortisol: What Happens In A Dog’s Body When It Goes Awry?

Cortisol is a vital hormone from the glucocorticoid family of steroid hormones. Cortisol is primarily produced by a dog’s adrenal glands. In health, cortisol plays a critical role in the dog’s ability to cope with stress. It stimulates glucose production and the breakdown of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates to provide fuel for the body. Cortisol also suppresses the immune system.…

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Change in Behavior in a Dog: Teddy’s Subtle Symptom

Change in Behavior in a Dog: Teddy’s Subtle Symptom

Do you think it is significant if your dog changes their behavior, however subtle the change might be? What if your dog stops doing something they always did or starts something new and strange? Could there be medical significance to it? Indeed, there usually is. A new aggression, or what looks like one, is commonly related to pain. Teddy’s story…

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